Fit Louisville

2014

Greater Louisville Health Guide is a directory and resource guide to health providers and services in Louisville, Kentucky. Includes listings of area doctors and dentists, hospitals, nursing homes and emergency care.

Issue link: https://louisvillehealthguide.epubxp.com/i/268219

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4 2 FIT 2014-2015 LINGO LESSON Ever wonder what to expect at a nephrologist's offce? Baffed by a diagnosis of thrombocytopenia? Latin and Greek provide the root of most words used in medicine. However, if you skipped those classes in school, here's a cheat sheet to the terminology. A cardiologist deals with diseases and abnormalities of the heart. An endocrinologist deals with the endocrine glands, hormones and their metabolic consequences, including treatment of diabetes. A gastroenterologist specializes in disorders of the stomach and intestines. A gynecologist deals with functions and diseases specifc to women and girls, especially those affecting the reproductive system. A hematologist studies blood diseases that affect the production of blood and its components, such as blood cells and the mechanism of coagulation. A hepatologist studies the liver, gallbladder, bilary tree (the pathway bile is secreted to the small intestine) and pancreas. A nephrologist deals with the function and diseases of the kidney. A neurologist studies disorders of the nervous system, including the central, peripheral and autonomic systems along with their coverings, blood vessels and effector muscle. An oncologist specializes in diagnosing and treating cancers. An orthopedic doctor deals with bones and muscles. An otolaryngologist deals with diseases of the ear, nose and throat. A pathologist specializes in the diagnosis of disease by examining cells, body fuids and tissues. A pediatrician specializes in children's health and diseases. A radiologist employs the use of imaging (X-ray radiography, ultrasound, CT, nuclear medicine, PET, and MRI) to both diagnose and treat disease. A rheumatologist deals mainly with clinical problems involving joints, soft tissues, autoimmune diseases, vasculitis and heritable connective-tissue disorders, including arthritis. A toxicologist studies the adverse effects of chemicals, including symptoms, mechanisms, treatments and detections of the poisoning of people. A urologist focuses on the urinary tracts of males and females, and on the reproductive system of males. They Do What? Here's a brief glossary of doctors' specialties: 42-84LIST.indd 42 2/19/14 5:28 PM

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